SYLLABUS 

History 10 - The Middle Ages to the The Classical Era

 

Instructor - Andrew James Clark - www.andrewjamesclark.ca

 

This survey course introduces students to the earliest notated examples of western art music and provides the vocabulary needed to discuss such musical styles and topics. Students will learn to summarize stylistic traits of various historical eras, observe how composers interacted with society, and discover the overarching musical patterns and developments which have lead us to now. A substantial amount of new terminology and their definitions must be committed to memory. 

 

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GREGORIAN CHANT 
The Earliest Surviving Melodies of the Church 
and the origin of Western Art Music

THE NOTRE DAME SCHOOL
The Earliest form of Polyphony
and the Musica Enchiriadis 

CHANSON
The First Notated Secular Songs 

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THE POLYTEXTUAL MOTET
A Combination of Sacred and Secular
Music and Poetry.

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MEDIEVAL INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC
Dance Music and Medieval Instruments

GUILLAUME DE MACHAUT 
Composed the first motivically unified Mass
Championed the Ars Nova Style 

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JOSQUIN DES PREZ
Leading Member of the Franco-Flemish School
Master of Imitative Counterpoint
Martin Luther's Favourite Composer

GIOVANNI PIERLUIGI DA PALASTRINA (1525-1594) 
The Saviour of Counterpoint
The Musical Voice of the Counter-Reformation
The Most Important Composer of the 16th Century
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Carlo Gesualdo (1566-1613)
Wealthy Italian Count and Composer
Embraced Chromaticism and Dissonance
Murderer! 

WILLIAM BYRD (1540-1623) 

Lucky Enough to be Found in the 
Fitzwilliam Virginal Book
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OPERA 
New Genre Created by the Florentine Camerata
Revival of Greek Tragedy
Polyphony replaced with Monody

THE SACRED CANTATA 

A Mighty Fortress is Our God
Bach Cantata No. 80
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CONCERTO GROSSO 
Brandenburg Concerto No. 2
DANCE SUITE 

The Hen and The Hornpipe

 
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THE SYMPHONY 

Symphony No. 104
ORATORIO 

The Creation
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THE PIANO CONCERTO 

Piano Concerto in G Major, K 453

 
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CLASSICAL OPERA
Mozart
The Marriage of Figaro

THE KEYBOARD SONATA 

Sonata in C Minor, Op. 13 (Pathetique)

 
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CHAMBER MUSIC
Ludwig von Beethoven
String Quartet in C Sharp Minor